Women’s Day – why, where and when?
First Women’s Day Poster
This day has been observed since the 1900s, a time of great turbulence in the industrialised world. We tell you how it came into being…
On march 8, 1957, women working in clothing and textile factories in New York City, in the United States, staged a protest. They were fighting against inhumane working conditions and low wages. The cops attacked the protesters. After two years, again in March, these women formed their first labour union to protect themselves and gain basic rights in workplace.
The big march
On March 8, 1908, 15,000 women marched through New York demanding short work hours, better pay, voting rights and an end to child labour. Their slogan was “Bread and Roses” with bread symbolising economic security and roses a better quality of life. In May, the Socialist Party of America designated the last Sunday in February as National Women’s Day.
First Women’s Day
Following the declaration of the Socialist Party of America, the first ever National Women’s Day was celebrated in America on February 28,1909.
Equality for Women
International Women’s Day
The theme for International Women’s Day 2013 was “A promise is a promise: Time for action to end violence against women”. The UN proclaimed IWD on March 8, 1977 with the aim to increase awareness about women’s issues across countries.
International Women’s Day 2013 – Special:
- AI ALL WOMEN CREW – Air India operated all-women crew flights to Newark, London and Singapore to mark International Women’s Day this year. Air India Express had also operated an all-women crew flight to Bahrain and Doha.
Air India all-women crew
- SUBMARINE – US’ new nuclear-powered submarine is expected to join the fleet in late 2015. This will be powered, controlled and looked after by US Navy female cadets.
- STADIUM – Istanbul’s Fenerbahce Stadium has come up with a radical solution to tackle crowd violence at soccer matches by allowing only women in.
- FIREFIGHTERS – Houston’s first all-female fire crew maade history by operating a fire pumper truck and hitting the streets together for the first time. The all-female crew responded to emergency calls in their district. Members of the crew said they hoped not to be singled out for any recognition.
- XMEN GO DIVA – It might be called X-Men, but the new comic about the band of mutant superheros features an all-female line-up. The all-female character series will be out this April.
Women who make India proud:
- First Cabinet minister in India – Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
- First Indian woman in space – Kalpana Chawla aboard STS-87
- First woman to swim the English Channel – Arati Saha
- First graduates – Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu
- First female jawan in Indian Army – Sapper Shanti Tigga
- First Indian woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize – Mother Teresa of Calcutta
- The First woman air vice chief marshal – P Bandopadhyaya
- First photojournalist – Homal Vyarawalla
- First woman president of the UN General Assembly – Vijayalakshmi Pandit
- First woman Indian Police Service(IPS) officer – Kiran Bedi
- First woman president of India – Pratibha Devisingh Patil